Boer Goat Australia is using the breed standards of the South African Boer Goat Breeders Association with descriptive changes applicable to Australian bred goats, appropriate guidelines are set down to encourage the breeding of a more suitable Boer Goat with increased economic value to our Australian Commercial and Stud producers alike.
We will continue to value productive traits such as conformation, good structure and mobility over aesthetic traits.
In applying the following standards there are many aspects which cannot be completely defined, in such cases a judge must use his or her discretion. The major part of the body must be white, a pigmented skin on the hairless parts i.e. under the tail, round the eyelids and mouth etc. is absolutely essential because it offers resistance to sunburn which may result in skin cancer. A pigmented skin is also more resistant to other skin diseases and a loose supple skin is for adaptability to climatic conditions.
Fullblood registration in this category is only open to goats that are of Standard Fullblood Boer Genetics.
A strong broad head with large soft brown almond shaped hooded eyes. A strong curved Roman nose with wide nostrils, the tip of the nose to be in line with the lower lip and chin. A strong curved lower jaw rising to meet the upper jaw. Up to 6 tooth must show a 100% fit and at 8 tooth and older may show a 6mm. protrusion, permanent teeth must be cut in the correct anatomical position. A prominently curved forehead, linking up with the curve of the nose and horns. Horns should be strong, round, solid and show good colour, be of moderate length and placed moderately apart with a gradual backward sloping curve. Ears should be broad, smooth and of good length,hanging downwards from the head and set in line with the eye.
Concave forehead, straight, flat or wild upright horns, pointed jaw, ears folded lengthwise, stiff protruding ears or excessively short ears, overshot or undershot jaw.
Neck & Forequarters:
A neck of moderate length in proportion to the length of the body, full and well fleshed and well joined to the forequarter is essential.
The breastbone should be broad with a deep broad brisket. The shoulder should be fleshy, in proportion to the body and be well fitted to the withers, the withers to be broad and not sharp. In Does, the neck should come out and deep from the chest, blending smoothly with the shoulders, be wide in its attachment and rising gracefully to the throat latch, showing refinement in the female. In Bucks, the neck should be thicker and show skin folds as a sign of masculinity. The chest should be broad with a deep brisket. The shoulder should be well muscled in proportion to the body, and be well fitted to the wither.
Very long, thin or short necks in proportion to the body or shoulders too loose.
Barrel. The barrel should be long, broad and deep. The ribs must be well sprung and fleshed, the loins well muscled, the goat should have a broad fairly straight back and must not be pinched behind the shoulders, a small dip behind the shoulder is acceptable.
Concave back, slab sided, cylindrical or pinched behind the should.
Well muscled through the rump, twist and inner thighs with length through the stitch, particularly in bucks. The rump should be broad, long and slightly sloped. The Tail must be straight where is grows out from the dock and then may swing to either side.
Narrow hips, rump that slopes too much or too short from hip to pin, poor muscling particularly in the bucks, short stitch / poor inner thigh development, and a wry tail.
Emphasis should be placed on the legs which should be strong and well placed, be of medium length and in proportion to the depth of the body. Strong legs imply hardiness and a strong constitution, which is an absolutely essential characteristic of the Boer Goat. The upper leg should be long in proportion to the cannon bone and well muscled, with strong well formed pasterns and coloured hooves. Leg bone should be wide, flat and dry.
Knock knees, bandy legs, cow or sickle hocks, post legged, thin or fleshy legs, weak pasterns and hooves pointed outwards or inwards, or lacking good pigmentation colour.
Skin & Covering:
A loose supple skin with sufficient chest and neck skin folds, especially in the case of a buck. Eyelids and hairless parts must be pigmented. All hairless skin (i.e. under the tail, around the mouth and eyelids) should have a minimum pigmentation of 75%. Pigmentation may range from light through to dark. Hair should be short, dense and glossy, a limited amount of cashmere will be tolerated with a winter coat.
Hair too long, coarse or sparse, fine and open. Pigmentation less than 75%.
Sexual Organs – Does:
Well formed udder firmly attached with no more than 2 separate teats on either side. The ideal for stud registration purposes are 1 each side, 2 each side or 2 + 1 teats.
Any teat variation of more than 2 separate teats per side. calabash/bottle teats or pendulous udder.
Sexual Organs – Bucks:
Two reasonably large, well formed, healthy and of equal size testes in one scrotum. A scrotum with no larger split than 5cm is permissible. The scrotum must be at least 25 cm. at maturity.
Teats must be either 1 each side, 2 each side or 2 + 1.
Small testes, a scrotum sac with a circumference of less than 25 cm at maturity. Bunched, calabash or split teats.
The ideal is a medium sized, heavy goat with maximum meat production. A desirable ratio between length of leg and depth of body should be achieved at all ages. Kids tend to be longer in the leg.
Goats that are too large or too small.
The ideal Standard Boer goat is a white goat with a fully pigmented red head and ears, with either a white blaze or with full red colouring. Uniform shading between light and dark is permissible. The minimum requirement for a stud animal is a red patch of at least 10 cm. in diameter on both sides of the head, ears excluded. Both ears should have at least 75% red colouring and with 75% pigmentation.
The following is permissible:
Head, neck and forequarters
a complete red colouring is permissible not further than the shoulder blade and on the shoulder not lower than level with the chest junction.
Barrel, hindquarters and belly
only one patch is permissible not exceeding 10 cm.
the term ‘legs’ is taken to mean that portion below an imaginary line formed by the chest and the underline, patch or a number of patches that do not exceed a total area of 5 cm. in diameter.
the tail may be red, but the red colour cannot continue onto the body for more than 2.5 cm.
Red hair and covering
very few red hairs in the white of the coat are permissible from the age of 2 tooth.
The Boer Goat is an animal of quality showing balance and symmetry and a strong vigorous appearance. a goat with a fine head, round horns that bend backwards, a loose supple skin with folds, especially in the Bucks and with body parts well fleshed and in perfect balance..
The Doe must be feminine, the body wedging slightly to the front, which is said to be a sign of fertility.
The Buck must demonstrate masculinity and strength and is heavier in the head, neck, forequarters and rump.
The South African Boer Goat is an animal with symmetry, with a strong, vigorous appearance and fine quality, above all the Doe must be feminine and the Buck masculine.
A Doe must have kidded or be joined by the age of 2 years.
Animals that display any of the following characteristics should not be used for breeding and may not be exhibited.
Blue Eyes, Wry, twisted or crooked face or mouth (i.e. parrot mouth)
Undescended, single or divided testes, monorchid or cryptorchid
WHERE AN ANIMAL IS HIGHLY EXCEPTIONAL IN ITS FUNCTIONAL TRAITS AND DISPLAYS AN AESTHETIC FAULT, ITS EXCEPTIONAL TRAITS SHOULD BE RECOGNISED.